IT HAS BEEN SAID DIAMONDS ARE A GIRL’S BEST FRIEND. YES, BUT THERE IS MORE!
Diamonds are the birthstone for the month of April; this means ladies born in April have a new reason to put sparkling diamond jewelry on their birthday wish list. Diamonds are part of culture and add a layer of significance and meaning when presented during special events such as engagements, weddings, birthdays, and more. The term Diamond is used for 50th anniversaries.
DIAMONDS – WHAT ARE THEY?
Diamonds, what are they? Diamonds are one of the most beautiful and valuable gemstones on Earth. Diamonds are a crystalline carbon mineral typically formed from a carbon source that has been placed under a narrow range of aligned temperature and pressure. The pressure needed to make a diamond is found approximately 100 miles below the Earth’s surface. The bonding of the carbon atoms is the same way in every direction due to the combined pressure and temperature placed on the carbon. The diamond is the hardest known mineral with many uses; however, when transparent and free from flaws, it is highly valued as a precious stone.
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE SPECIFICS FOR DIAMOND FORMATION
• Temperature: 2,000 to 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit
• Pressure: 725,000 pounds per square inch
Even with extreme temperature and pressure, it is amazing the amount of time required to create one diamond. The entire process, of transforming from a carbon source to a sparkly diamond, takes between 1 billion and 3.3 billion years, approximately 25% to 75% of our earth’s age. Therefore, diamonds are naturally rare and valuable. The process creates a diamond that is expensive, beautiful, and indestructible.
REMARKABLE DIAMOND FACTS
The beauty and elegance of diamonds in and of itself are impressive, however, other facts, with a little lore mixed in, surrounding diamonds. The origins and history of diamonds is fascinating, and we believe you will agree.
Name – The term diamond is derived from the Greek word “Adamas,” meaning invincible or indestructible.
Age – Diamonds are billions of years old, some estimated at three billion years old.
Single Element Creation – Diamonds are nearly 100% carbon.
Strength – Diamonds are the hardest natural substance and can only be scratched by another diamond.
Reaching the Surface – Formed hundreds of miles below the surface, diamonds are carried to the earth’s surface by deep, violent volcanic eruptions.
Tears from the Gods – Ancient Romans and Greeks had the belief that diamonds were tears cried by the gods or splinters from falling stars. Cupid’s arrows, as believed by the Romans, were surreptitiously tipped with diamonds.
Protection – Ancient Hindu devotional statues had diamonds in the eyes, which they believed could protect the wearer from danger. Additionally, many ancient cultures had the belief that diamonds provided the wearer strength and courage during battle.
Largest Diamond – The largest diamond discovered, the Cullinan diamond, weighed a fantastic 3106 carats, or 1.33 pounds. It was found in 1905 in South Africa and given to King Edward, eventually cut into nine large diamonds and 100 smaller ones. The three most significant pieces are on display in the Tower of London as part of the crown jewels.
Diamonds are engrained in history and culture from the beginning of time. Kings have adorned them, and men have been using them to propose for centuries. There is, even more, to learn about the fantastic diamond. Teva Diamonds is available to assist in finding the right diamond for you.